By:

**Chandra Mutia/2310432013**

**Dewi Shintia/2310433001**

**Egga Difta Olivia/2310432023**

**Najla Nafisa Arsy/2310432029**

**Wahda Rahmadani/2310437001**

(*Departement of Mathematics and Data Science, University of Andalas)*

Throughout history, the development of life has been accompanied by significant advancements in science, particularly in the field of mathematics. Math plays an important and fascinating role in our lives, for example, it can be applied to create visually appealing compositions in photography. Photography often uses math concepts such as the Fibonacci numbers and the Golden Ratio to enhance the visual quality of images. In this article, we will explore the relationship between math and photography, and how the use of Fibonacci numbers and the Golden Ratio can contribute to creating stunning visual compositions.

Fibonacci numbers are a sequence of positive integers where each term is the sum of the two preceding numbers (Permatasari & Prabowo, 2022). These numbers were introduced by Leonardo da Pisa, a famous mathematician who was born in 1170 in Pisa, Italy (J, 2022). Today, Fibonacci numbers are still used in various applications. To illustrate, the sequence can be written as follows:

to find out the next series, you can use the formula F(n) = F(n-1) + F(n-2) this formula is used for .

The Fibonacci sequence illustrates the growth of the rabbit population. Assuming that each pair of rabbits gives birth to one new pair (male and female) every month and no rabbits die, the number of rabbit pairs after n months can be determined using the Fibonacci sequence of numbers (Permatasari & Prabowo, 2022).

Fibonacci numbers serve as the foundation of the Golden Ratio concept, which is also known as Phi (). The Golden Ratio is the result of dividing a Fibonacci number sequence by the previous sequence, resulting in a value close to 1.618 (Carlson, 2023).

The golden ratio proportion is a widely recognized aesthetic proportion that is often used in art, particularly in photography. Photographers use the golden ratio as a guide to place objects within the photo frame. They do this by dividing the frame vertically with a line into two unbalanced parts and placing objects on the golden ratio lines (Fitri & R, 2020). The object placement doesn’t have to be exact at the Golden Ratio point, but the closer it is to the Golden Ratio lines, the more likely the photo will look proportional and aesthetically pleasing.

Street photography can be enhanced by using the golden ratio composition, which can add a sense of movement and the right angle of view to your shots. After taking the photos, there are several image formats that can make it easier to achieve the golden ratio. One of the image formats that is closest to the golden ratio is 2:3 (Fitri & R, 2020).

The golden ratio is a widely used technique in photography. To apply this technique, one can start by selecting a subject with the desired shape and proportions. Then, the image components should be resized to the preferred dimensions, and a suitable shooting position should be chosen. To enhance the composition, one can also add the Fibonacci spiral effect. For instance, an image of a rose would look more visually appealing if taken from an overhead angle, showcasing the spiral-shaped arrangement of the petals (Santosa, 2022).

The golden ratio is a number that is often considered as the key to beauty. In photography, the use of mathematics is essential, particularly the concepts of Fibonacci and Golden Ratio, as they help create visually appealing and balanced compositions. By having a clear understanding of these concepts, photographers can produce captivating photographs that offer a satisfying visual experience. So let’s keep exploring and combining art and math in our photography!

**Bibliography**

Carlson, S. C. (2023, November). Golden Ratio. Retrieved from Britannica.com: https://www.britannica.com/science/golden-ratio

Fitri, N. D., & R, H. (2020). PENERAPAN TEORI GOLDEN SECTION PADA FOTO LANDSCAPE PANTAI DI GUNUNGKIDUL. Journal Desain Komunikasi Visual.

J, T. S. (2022, November). Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci : Biografi Singkat. Retrieved from Erudisi.coom: https://erudisi.com/leonardo-pisano-fibonacci-biografi-singkat/

Permatasari, D. S., & Prabowo, A. (2022). Bilangan Fibonacci dalam Perkembangbiakkan Lebah Madu. Jurnal Equation, 103.

Santosa, I. (2022, September). Cara Membuat Foto Bagus, Kuasai Dua Kuncinya. Retrieved from inspirensis.id: https://inspirensis.id/artikel/cara-membuat-foto-bagus/**